August 22, 1996: Former Turkish president Bayar dies
Former Turkish president Celal Bayar dies in Istanbul, aged 104, a quarter of a century after being reprieved from hanging because of his advanced years. One of the world’s oldest statesmen, Bayar entered hospital because of a heart complaint and died the following day. Bayar, who was president from 1950 to 1960, fought alongside Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in the 1919-1922 “War of Independence” that led to the foundation of the modern Turkish republic and he was the prime minister when his old friend died in 1938. The elder statesman of the Turkish right-wing, he was sentenced to death in 1961 in a political trial that followed the 1960 military coup which toppled him from power, but was reprieved because he was then nearly 80 years old.
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